In adults, gum disease is a leading cause for dental problems and losing teeth! It may be hard to tell if you have gum disease because it typically painless. Your dentist, hygienists, and assistants are all knowledgeable in the signs and symptoms of gum disease. With regular check ups, you can avoid and potentially reverse gum disease.
Some problems can signal the presence of gum disease, including:
- gums that bleed easily
- tender, inflamed, and/or red gums
- bad breath or taste
- loose permanent teeth
- change in bite
- change in the way partial dentures fit
The risk of developing gum disease can increase with some factors:
- poor or inconsistent oral hygiene
- tobacco products and smoking
- some medications
- diabetes or other health conditions
- crooked teeth that are hard to clean effectively
Early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis, which includes symptoms of red, swollen, and bleeding gums. Luckily, gingivitis is reversible in most cases! Receiving a deep cleaning from your dental hygienist can help you regain a healthy mouth, followed by good daily oral hygiene.
Periodontitis is advanced gum disease. Over 45% of adults in the United States suffer with chronic periodontitis! Consequently, tissue and bone in the mouth are both affected over time. Aggressive periodontitis causes rapid loss of both bone and tissues and could occur in the entire mouth.
Researchers and doctors are starting to link the onset of systemic diseases (such as heart disease) to periodontal disease. it is important to schedule regular dental check ups and cleanings. Outside of the dental office, great oral hygiene helps maintain your smile for a lifetime to come!